CONTAMINANT RESOURCES

This webpage is dedicated to provide you with information about drinking water contaminants. Some contaminants are not a problem at all, some are simply a nuisance, while other contaminants are genuine health hazards. Contaminants on this spreadsheet are placed into their respective group (noted under 'Contaminant Type') - Bacteria, Physical Properties, In-Organics, Metals, Volatile Organics and Semi-Volatile Organics. Contaminants are listed alphabetically, from top to bottom (inside of each group). Scroll down to your contaminant of interest. Read across the respective contaminantÕs row to find information that may be helpful to you (including links to possible solutions for drinking water problems). Our goal is for everyone to experience, clean/safe drinking water.
Note 1: MCL's are the Maximum Contamination Levels for drinking water and are set by the Federal EPA. MCL's are guidelines that are applicable and enforceable to Public Water Utilities. Not all contaminants have MCL's. If the contaminant has an MCL, we have provided a link that will take you directly to the EPA's website, where you can view the respective MCL.
Note 2: MCLG's are the Maximum Contamination Level Goals for drinking water and are assigned by the Federal EPA. MCLG's are "goals" that we should all strive for when consuming drinking water, from any water supply. Not all contaminants have been assigned MCLG's. If the contaminant has an MCLG, we have provided a liknk that will take you directly to the EPA's website, where you can view the respective MCLG.
Note 3: Drinking water that has any level of a specific contaminant, may be unhealthy to some. Drinking water that has contaminant levels outside of the EPA's Maximum Contamination Level Goals, are considered unhealthy to all.
Note 4: Extensive research has been performed for this webpage. Criteria contained herein should be used for informational purposes only. When making life-choices for you and others, you should consult with the corresponding professionals – Medical Doctors for health issues, Water-Treatment Professionals for water-treatment questions and Drinking Water Testing Professionals for drinking water testing needs.
Note 5: We have spent a great-deal of time at each of the links/websites listed on the following spreadsheet and have not experienced any issues while browsing.  However, browsing the internet is ultimately your responsibility.  Take all normal precautions when browsing the web.
Contaminant Type Contaminant Name Contaminant History MCL's & MCLG's Resource 1  Resource 2 Kit Recommendation #1 Kit Recommendation #2
Bacteria  Total Coliform Coliforms are bacteria that are always present in the digestive tracts of animals, including humans, and are found in their wastes. They are also found in plant and soil material. Coliforms are relatively easy to identify, are usually present in larger numbers than more dangerous pathogens, and respond to the environment, wastewater treatment, and water treatment similarly to many pathogens. Most coliform bacteria do not cause disease.  However, they can contribute to gastrointestinal unrest such as but not limited to stomach cramps and diareha. Coliform Bacteria (including E. coli) can find their way into our drinking water supplies, especially private wells.  It is recommended that owners of private wells test their water supplies 2-4 times/year, for Bacteria. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ DIY Bacteria 
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Bacteria  E. Coli  Escherichia coli are bacteria found in the environment, foods, and intestines of people and animals. E. coli are a large and diverse group of bacteria. Although most strains of E. coli are harmless, others can make you very sick. Some kinds of E. coli can cause diarrhea, while others cause urinary tract infections, respiratory illness, pneumonia, and other illnesses.  Rare strains of E. coli, particularly the strain 0157:H7, can cause serious illness.  Coliform Bacteria (including E. coli) can find their way into our drinking water supplies, especially private wells.  It is recommended that owners of private wells test their water supplies 2-4 times/year, for Bacteria. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ DIY Bacteria
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Physical Properties Aggressive Index Designed to test for the agreesiveness of water (particularly in pipes and fittings that may contain asbestos).  This index derives from a formula used to determine the level of aggressiveness of water based on the Total alkalinity, pH, and calcium hardness. It is an indicator of the tendency for corrosion to occur. Highly corrosive water causes system failures and may result in health problems due to the presence of asbestos and may further contribute to the presence of heavy metals (including Lead). (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Physical Properties Alkalinity as CaCO3 Alkalinity is a measure of the acid-neutralizing capacity of water. It is mostly reported as equivalents of calcium carbonate. It is measured as a CaCO3 so that the measurements of different samples can be compared to each other when performing calculations. It is a great compound to compare the acidity and basicity of every other compound. Alkalinity prevents changes in the acidity level of water and is very important for fish and consumption. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Physical Properties Bicarbonate Bicarbonate is a gaseous waste product from metabolism. It is carried in the lungs and exhaled. It is necessary for digestion. It is ingested with mineral water and can prevent dental cavities. It plays a major role in acid-base balances in the human body. Too much bicarbonate can cause vomiting and dehydration.   (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Physical Properties Carbonate Carbonate is a salt of carbonic acid. High concentrations of carbonates in water increases the SAR (Sodium Absorbtion Ratio) index. When carbonates mix with calcium and magnesium it creates calcium carbonate or magnesium carbonate. When this mixture interacts with soil and water, it decreases relative to sodium and the SAR index increases. This causes an increase in the pH and makes the water unsuitable. Too much intake can lead to nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Physical Properties Conductivity  Conductivity is the ability or power to conduct or transmit heat, electricity, or sound. Pure water is not a good conductor. The amount of dissolved ions in water increases its ability to conduct. If water is conductive, that means there are ions present such as but not limited to sodium, chloride, or fluoride. An increased number of  Total Dissolved Solids can make cause damage in the environment, limit drinking water for livestock, and cause corrosion. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Physical Properties Hardness as CaCO3 Hardness is caused by calcium and magnesium salts. The salts are dissolved from geologic deposits that caries water. The length of time water is exposed to these minerals determines the amount of hardness there will be. Hard water forms scale, which is usually calcium carbonate. It leaves water spots on doors, silverware, or glassware. When it is inside water pipes, it reduces the water pipeÕs carrying capacity. As a CaCO3, water should have a hardness less than 75 to 85 mg/l. Too much intake of hard water (particularly above the Federal MCL's) can lead to health problems such as but not limited to osteoporosis, hypertension, kidney stones, colorectal cancer, and coronary artery disease. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Physical Properties Langlier Index The Langlier Index is used as an indicator to determine the amount of saturation of calcium carbonate in water. It is used to control corrosion and deposition of scale. It is calculated using pH, alkalinity, calcium concentration, total dissolved solids, and water temperature of the given sample collected. If the index is negative, then the water is under saturated with calcium carbonate and will be corrosive. If it is positive, water is over saturated with calcium carbonate and will deposit calcium carbonate forming scales in the distribution system. If it is close to zero, water is just saturated with calcium carbonate and will not be corrosive or scale forming.  A Langlier Index between -1.0 and +1.0 is considered optimum.  (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Physical Properties pH pH measures how acidic or basic the water is. pH ranges from 0-14, with 7 being neutral. If the pH greater than 7, then it is basic.  Less than 7 means it is acidic. pH is a good indicator of how water changes chemically. High pH causes a bitter taste in water and water pipes can become encrusted with deposits. If pH is low, water will corrode and dissolve metals and other substances that can be detrimental to health.  The ideal range for pH in drinking water set by the EPA, is 6.5 - 8.5. Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ SELECT 
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Physical Properties Ryznar Index This is another index that assists in the determination of how aggressive your water is (or not).  The Ryznar Index measures scaling in water systems.  (RI) actually quantifies the relationship between calcium carbonate saturation and scale formation.  A Ryznar Index greater than 8 means water is extremely aggressive. The ideal Ryznar Index is less than 5.  (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Physical Properties Tannin/Lignin Tannins are organic matter in water which comes from decayed vegetation or animal matter. They are primarily in surface waters (rivers, lakes, streams and back-waters such as swamps. They cause a yellow, yellow/brownish tinge to the water. Lignins are also organic matter that comes from decomposing elements of dead vegetation. Both Tannin & Lignin are known to deplete oxygen in the water and contribute to the problem of acid water. Well water supplies that are under the influence of surface waters can be high in Tannin/Lignin (especially during flood conditions). (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Physical Properties TDS (total dissolved solids) TDS stands for total dissolved solids. These are the amount of mobile charged ions in a volume of water. The EPA has set an MCL of 500 ppm for TDS. When it exceeds the MCL, it is deemed unfit for human consumption. High levels of TDS are caused due to excessive amounts of specific ions such as but not limited to potassium, chlorides, and sodium. High TDS can leave a bitter, salty, or metallic taste.  High TDS levels can also contribute to headaches, nausea, or vomiting.  Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Physical Properties Turbidity Turbidity is the murkiness or haziness of a fluid that is caused by numerous types of particles present in the water source.  The nature of these particles can originate from but are not limited to waste discharge, sediments from erosion, high concentrations of specific ions or organic matter.  It is a key test in water quality.  Most drinking water ranges from 0-5 NTU's (National Turbidity Units).  Eliminating turbidity helps disinfect the water for drinking purposes.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Aluminum  Aluminum is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Al and atomic number of 13. It is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal. At low levels, aluminum in food, air, and drinking water is not likely harmful to your health. However, at high concentrations there is evidence linking aluminum to effects on the nervous system and connections to numerous health issues including but not limited to  Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, and Lou Gehrig's disease.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Antimony Antimony is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Sb and atomic number 51. A lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. Antimony alloys are also used in numerous arenas such as but not limited to batteries, low friction metals and cable sheathing.  Antimony compounds are also used to make flame-proofing materials, paints, ceramic enamels, glass and pottery. High levels of Antimony can cause nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Arsenic Arsenic is in the Periodic Table with the symbol As and atomic number 33. Arsenic occurs in many mineral forms.  Arsenic may be found in water which has flowed through arsenic-rich rocks. Severe health effects have been observed in populations drinking arsenic-rich water over long periods in countries world-wide. Long-term exposure to arsenic via drinking-water can cause cancer of the skin, lungs, urinary bladder, and kidneys.  Skin changes such as pigmentation and thickening can also occur, with such exposure. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Metals Barium Barium is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Ba and atomic number 56. It is the fifth element in Group 2, a soft silvery metallic alkaline earth metal. Because of its high chemical reactivity, barium is never found in nature as a free element. Barium can suggest the presence of industrial waste, mixing of natural saline and brine waters, salt water intrusion, and other sources. Excessive Barium intake can cause an increase in blood pressure, gastrointestinal problems, muscle weakness, and affects the nervous and circulatory system. Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Beryllium Beryllium is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Be and atomic number 4. It is a relatively rare element in the universe, usually occurring as a product of the spallation of larger atomic nuclei that have collided with cosmic rays. Long term intake exposure to Beryllium can cause damage to bones, lungs; and some instances cancer. Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Boron Boron is in the Periodic Table with the symbol B and atomic number 5. Produced entirely by cosmic ray spallation and supernovae and not by stellar nucleosynthesis, it is a low-abundance element in the Solar system and in the Earth's crust. Boron can be found in many household items and present in everyday environment. However, exposure to large amounts of boron (about 30 g of boric acid) over short periods of time can affect the stomach, intestines, liver, kidney, and brain and can eventually lead to death. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Cadmium Cadmium is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Cd and atomic number 48. This soft, bluish-white metal is chemically similar to the two other stable metals in group 12. The greatest use of cadmium is primarily for metal plating and coating operations, including transportation equipment, machinery and baking enamels, photography, television phosphors. It is also used in nickel-cadmium and solar batteries and in pigments. Cadmium for relatively short periods of time: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle cramps, salivation, sensory disturbances, liver injury, convulsions, shock and renal failure. Long-term exposure at high levels can cause kidney, liver, bone and blood damage. Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Calcium Calcium is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Ca and atomic number 20. Calcium is a soft gray Group 2 alkaline earth metal, fifth-most-abundant element by mass in the Earth's crust. Calcium in water is of particular importance because it affects the water's ability to function in our homes. Calcium in water makes our water hard. Calcium in water can build up in pipes, reducing flow to taps and appliances. In water heaters, these minerals generate a scale buildup that reduces the efficiency and life of the heater. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Metals Chromium Chromium is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Cr and atomic number 24. It is the first element in Group 6. It is a steely-grey, lustrous, hard and brittle metal which takes a high polish, resists tarnishing, and has a high melting point.  The greatest use of chromium is in metal alloys such as stainless steel; protective coatings on metal; magnetic tapes; and pigments for paints, cement, paper, rubber, composition floor covering and other materials. Its soluble forms are used in wood preservatives. Chromium has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime high exposure: damage to liver, kidney circulatory and nerve tissues; skin irritation. Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Metals Cobalt Cobalt is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Co and atomic number 27. Like nickel, cobalt is found in the Earth's crust only in chemically combined form, save for small deposits found in alloys of natural meteoric iron.  Cobalt can accumulate to toxic levels in the liver, kidney, pancreas, and heart, as well as the skeleton and skeletal muscle. Cobalt has been found to produce tumors in animals and is likely a human carcinogen as well. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Copper Copper is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Cu and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color. Copper is an essential nutrient, required by the body in very small amounts. However, copper has been found to potentially cause the following health effects when people are exposed to it at high levels: Short periods of exposure can cause gastrointestinal disturbance, including nausea and vomiting. Use of water that exceeds the Action Level over many years could cause liver or kidney damage. People with Wilsons disease may be more sensitive than others to the effect of copper contamination and should consult their health care provider. Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ BASIC
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Metals Hexavalent-Chrome Hexavalent chromium refers to chemical compounds that contain the element chromium in the +6 oxidation state. Virtually all chromium ore is processed via hexavalent chromium, specifically the salt sodium dichromate. Exposure to hexavalent chromium occurs through breathing, ingestion, and contact with the skin. Although most of the known health impacts are related to inhalation, there is now strong data linking ingestion of hexavalent chromium, such as through drinking water, to severe health effects. In addition to cancer and reproductive harm, short and long-term exposures can lead to eye and respiratory irritation, asthma attacks, nasal ulcers, dermal burns, anemia, acute gastroenteritis, vertigo, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, convulsions, ulcers, and damage or failure of the liver and kidneys. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Iron Iron is in the Perodic Table with the symbol Fe and atomic number 26. It is a metal in the first transition series. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. Iron will leave red or orange rust stains in the sink, toilet and bathtub or shower. It can build up in your dishwasher and discolor ceramic dishes. It can also enter into the water heater and can get into the laundry equipment and cause stains on clothing.  The EPA cautions that although iron in drinking water is safe to ingest, the iron sediments may contain trace impurities or harbor bacteria that can be harmful. Iron bacteria are naturally occurring organisms that can dissolve iron and some other minerals. These bacteria also form a brown slime that can build up in water pipes. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Metals Lead Lead is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Pb and atomic number 82. It is a soft, malleable and heavy post-transition metal Lead can cause a variety of adverse health effects when people are exposed to it at high levels for relatively short periods of time. These effects may include interference with red blood cell chemistry, delays in normal physical and mental development in babies and young children, slight deficits in the attention span, hearing, and learning abilities of children, and slight increases in the blood pressure of some adults. Lead has the potential to cause the following effects from a lifetime exposure at high levels: stroke and kidney disease; cancer. Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ LEAD
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Metals Lithium Lithium is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Li and atomic number 3. It is a soft, silver-white metal belonging to the alkali metal group of chemical elements. Under standard conditions, it is the lightest metal and the least dense solid element. Too much lithium at one time can cause diarrhea, nausea, stomach pain, dizziness, vomiting, and muscle weakness. If large amounts are continually consumed lithium toxicity can cause hand tremors, lack of coordination, seizures, slurred speech, coma or death. (--)     Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Magnesium Magnesium is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Mg and atomic number 12. ItÕs very abundant in nature. It can be obtained from sea water. ItÕs also used to treat coronary heart disease, symptoms of PMS, migraines, high blood pressure, and pre-eclampsia. Side effects of magnesium when taking too much include: upset stomach, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Metals Manganese Manganese is in the Periodic Table as element 25 and with the symbol Mn. It is a gray-white silvery, brittle metallic element. This element is reactive when pure, and will burn in Oxygen as a powder. It can be found in many foods like nuts, seeds, tea, and whole grains. When it reacts with water, it rusts. Manganese has been known to treat painful menstruation and osteoporosis. When used as a dietary supplement, it helps reduce symptoms associated with seizures and diabetes. Too much manganese can lead to serious side effects like shaking, mental problems like psychosis.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ SELECT 
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Metals Molybdenum Molybdenum is in the Periodict Table and has an atomic number of 42 and symbol of Mo. It is typically a hard, silvery-white metallic element. It plays an important role in plant nutrition. You can find it in fertilizers, dyes, enamels, and reagents. The amount of molybdenum in plant-derived foods depends on the soil content. ItÕs stored in the liver, kidneys, glands, and bones. It works in the body to break down proteins, too. It is recommended to not exceed 2 mg per day of Molybdenum. Exceeding the recommended dosage can possibly lead to gout.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Metals Nickel In its natural state, nickel is silvery, hard, and ductile. Nickel is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Ni and has an atomic number of 28. Nickel is used for mixing with other metals and plating. ItÕs a very good conductor of heat and electricity. Nickel is consumed in small amounts and found in multiple vitamins. It is used for increasing iron absorption, preventing anemia, and treating osteoporosis. Nickel is also used for making coins and weapons. High doses of Nickel can be very poisonous. Side effects from exposure include skin rash or allergic reactions. Those exposed for a long period of time can develop allergies, lung disorders, and cancer.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Phosphorus Phosphorus in in the Periodic Table and has an atomic number of 15 and symbol P. It is an essential element for the life of organisms. It can be found in several different forms; white, red, and black phosphorus. Concentrated phosphoric acids are used in fertilizers. It can also be found in vegetable oils, fish, and poultry. In the environment, phosphorus is found as phosphates. Too much exposure can cause kidney damage and osteoporosis.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Potassium Potassium is in the Periodic Table, has an atomic number of 19 with the symbol K. In its natural state, potassium is a soft, silver-white, very reactive metallic element. You can find it stored under oils or grease. Also, potassium is a part of many common rocks and minerals. ItÕs very abundant in the earthÕs crust. Potassium is used in glass, soap, fertilizers, and gunpowder. Potassium can be used to treat high blood pressure and prevent stroke. Too much exposure to potassium can lead to nausea, vomiting, gas, or diarrhea. In addition to the aforementioned symptoms, potassium can cause feelings of burning or tingling, weakness, paralysis, dizziness, low blood pressure, and even death. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Selenium Selenium is in the Periodic Table with the atomic number 34 and symbol Se. It is a mineral and transported in the body by water and foods. Traces of Selenium can be found in crab, liver, fish, poultry, and wheat. It is used for heart disease and strokes. It is used in the body effectively because it increases the action on antioxidants. Taking over 400 mcg of Selenium can increase the risk of developing selenium toxicity. You can typically see someone show symptoms of vomiting, nausea, hair loss, garlic breath odor, and a metallic taste when exposed to too much selenium.  Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Silica Silica is also known as the compound silicon dioxide. It is found as a colorless, white, chemical. It makes up 59% of the total composition of the earthÕs crust. It is used very widely in the food and beverage industry. You can find silica in food, rocks, plants, medicine, cosmetics, toothpaste, and even the body. Silica is used in the body as a food additive and a filler in drugs and vitamins. Different forms of silica may be dangerous. Crystalline silica can be toxic once inhaled. It is found in rocks, bricks, and concrete. Being around when these materials or grinded or crushed can cause serious respiratory problems.  (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Silicon Silicon is in the Peridic Table with the atomic number of 14 and symbol Si. It is a mineral and used in medicine. Silica is important for improving skin healing and treating sprains. When used as medication, too much exposure to silicon can be dangerous. If people take silicon-containing antacids for a long time, they can develop kidney stones.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Silver Silver is in the Periodic Table and has an atomic number of 47 with the symbol Ag. Silver is a white, ductile, malleable element. It has the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of all of the metals, which makes it a great conductor of heat and electricity. ItÕs also one of the rarest elements. ItÕs found in small quantities, but itÕs not damaged by water or air. It tarnishes when exposed to Sulphur compounds. Silver is not for human consumption. When applied to the skin or mouth, it gets deposited in vital organs which leads to skin discoloration. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Sodium Sodium is in the Periodic Table with the atomic number 11 and symbol Na. This is the fourth most abundant element. Sodium is not found freely in nature, very reactive and a good conductor of heat and electricity. High levels of sodium can lead to hypernatremia. Dehydration, vomiting, sweating, and fevers are symptoms of too much sodium.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Metals Strontium Strontium is in the Periodic Table with the atomic number 38 with the symbol Sr. It is used in toothpaste, flares, and fireworks. It occurs in nature in the form of strontianite or celestite. It is a shiny sold and can conduct heat or electricity. Strontium is used to reduce pain from bone cancer, treat osteoporosis, and prostate cancer. High doses of Strontium can damage bones. Side effects include: stomach pain, diarrhea, and headaches.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Metals Thallium Thallium is in the Periodic Table with an atomic number of 81 and symbol Tl. It is bluish-gray in color. In its natural state, thallium is odorless and tasteless. Sometimes it is found as a compound with bromine, chlorine, fluorine, and iodine. Thallium is used in rat poison and ant killer. It is also used to treat skin infections and for manufacturing electronic devices. It enters the environment from coal burning and smelting. It is known to stay in the air, water, and soil for a long period of time after itÕs released. Breathing in too much Thallium can lead to numbness in fingers and toes. Vomiting, diarrhea, and temporary hair loss are side effects. Birth defects have been reported from exposure to Thallium and effects on the lungs, heart, kidney, and liver.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Metals Tin Tin is in the Periodic Table and has an atomic number of 50 with the symbol Sn. Tin is used for coating steel cans. Tin oxide is used by dental offices to polish teeth and other restorative procedures. Tin is resistant to corrosion. Tin can also be found in food containers and toothpaste products. When hazardous waste is present, there are typically traces of tin found in the air or soil. Tin can cause skin irritation, lead to the formation of tumors, and cause infertility in men.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Titanium Titanium is in the Periodic Table, is a solid element with the atomic number of 22 and symbol Ti. It is very abundant in nature. You can find it in soils, rocks, and even plant and animal tissue. Typically, titanium is found in paint, rubber, plastics, paper, and sunscreens among other manmade products. Titanium dioxide is a part of food coloring which is ingested by humans with gum and candy having the highest concentration. Exposure to titanium can have negative impacts on the brain. Even though it is allowed in food and pharma products, titanium is a possible carcinogenic to humans.  (--)     Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Metals Vandium  Vanadium in the Periodic Table with the atomic number 23 and the symbol V. It is a solid and known as a transition metal among the elements. Vanadium is used in surgical instruments, dye and color-fixer, and ceramics. It is used to treat diabetes, low blood sugar, high cholesterol, heart disease, TB, and syphilis. It is unsafe in large amounts and not recommended during pregnancy and breast feeding. Side effects of Vanadium include: diarrhea, nausea, and gas. It can cause a greenish tongue, loss of energy, and problems in the nervous system.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Metals Zinc Zinc is in the Periodic Table with the symbol Zn and atomic number of 30. ItÕs a metal and known as an Ōessential trace element.Ó This is because the human body only requires small consumption for health. Uses for Zinc include: treating stunted growth, acute diarrhea in children, and boosting the immune system. Too much Zinc can result in nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach cramps, diarrhea, and headache.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Inorganics Bromide Bromide is the more stable form of the element Bromine. Metals react with bromine to form bromides. The atomic number for Bromine is 35 and symbol Br. It is soluble in organic solvents and water and can be found in fumigants, dyes, flame proofing agents, water purification compounds, vegetable oils, and more. These inorganics are found in nature, and human absorb them through food and drinking water. They can cause damage to the nervous system and to the thyroid gland. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM
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Inorganics Chloride Chlorides make up a great deal of salt dissolved in the earthÕs oceans. The amount of chloride in soil varies. It is used in salts, bleaches, and can be found in plants and the ground. Prolonged exposure can damage the respiratory system. You can develop chest pain or coughing due to the water retention in the lungs.  Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Inorganics Flouride Fluoride is found in toothpaste and mouthwash. Fluoride is also used in drinking water to prevent dental cavities. Although fluoride is potential harmless when regulated and certain doses, high amounts can become toxic to the environment and human body. Too much exposure can lead to dental decay, pitting of teeth (flourosis) and bone degradation. It can also result in low birth weights.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ SELECT
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Inorganics Nitrate/Nitrite Nitrates and Nitrites are found when nitrogen molecules form in water and soils. Nitrogen has an atomic number of 7 with the symbol N. Humans and animals contribute to the natural supply of nitrates and nitrites. They are used in fertilizers and food conservers. Nitrogen is also emitted vigorously by industrial companies which increases the presence of nitrates and nitrites in soil and water. The aforementioned heavily increases the amount on nitrates in drinking water. Nitrates and nitrites can have numerous effects on human health.  Ingesting high levels of nitrates can be converted into nitrites, which can decrease the oxygen carrying capacity of blood (blue baby syndrome), decrease functioning of the thyroid gland and vitamin A shortage. Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ BASIC
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Inorganics Orthophosphate Orthophosphates are formed from the element phosphorous. Phosphates exist in three forms: orthophosphate, metaphosphate, organically bound phosphates. Orthophosphates are produced naturally and can be found in partially treated or untreated sewage. They can also be found in home lawn fertilizers. In addition to sewage, orthophosphates can be found in unpolluted water but at extremely low concentrations. When there is heavy rain or storms, orthophosphates get carried in to surface water and groundwater systems. Exposure can lead to nausea, stomach cramps and drowsiness. Overexposure of phosphates in water can make it unlivable for other organisms and increase health risks for human if consumed.  (--)     Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Inorganics Sulfate Sulfate is a form of sulfur typically found in drinking water. It is formed when sulfur and oxygen combine. It does not pose a health risk at low concentrations found in domestic water supplies. Sulfate minerals can cause buildup in water pipes and result in a bitter water taste. Over exposure at high concentrations to sulfates can have a laxative effect and cause diarrhea and dehydration.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ PREMIUM 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane It is a chlorinated hydrocarbon. It is a clear colorless liquid with a sweet odor. It is used as a solvent and in production of wood stains and varnishes. Causes irritation to the skin and eyes, restlessness, and muscle incoordination. Exposed by inhalation, ingestion, skin and or eye contact.  (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 1,1,1-Trichloroethane This contaminant has a chloroform like odor. It is used as a cleaning solvent for electrical equipment, motors, adhesives, and coatings. It is mainly found in the atmosphere. It can be found in the air, water, or food. Exposures can be caused by inhaling or ingesting.  Large doses have produced nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Acute inhalation has resulted in neurological effects like dizziness or light headedness.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane This was commercially used as a metal degreaser. It was also used as an extractant for oils and fats. It occurs in chlorinated organic compounds. It is no longer produced. Found in the air, soil and water. Exposure can be lethal.  Death can occur.  Symptoms include tremors, headache, fatigue, dizziness.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,1,2-Trichloroethane This compound takes the form of a liquid with chloroform like odor. It is used to make synthetic fibers and plastic wraps. You can also find it in Teflon tubing, coating formulations, and as a solvent for fats and oils. If you consume more than the MCL for this compound, you can experience problems in the liver, kidney, and immune systems. When it is manufactured, it can evaporate and enter water or it can be inhaled. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,1-Dichloroethane This compound is a colorless, oily liquid with a sweet odor. It evaporates at room temperature. It isnÕt a naturally occurring substance. It is used as a solvent for cleaning and degreasing. It is also used in manufacturing plastic wrap, adhesives, and synthetic fiber. It can travel through air, water, or soil. Humans are exposed by breathing air around industrial or hazardous waste sites, and touching contaminated soil. High levels of exposure can cause irregular heartbeats and kidney damage. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,1-Dichloroethylene This is an industrial chemical. It is colorless, liquid, with a mild and sweet smell. It is used in making plastics and food wrapping and packaging materials. It also travels through the air when it is released during manufacturing at companies. It can travel through the soil and end up in groundwater which can eventually contaminate drinking water. Exposure can damage the heart and blood vessels,  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,1-Dichloropropene They are colorless liquids with sweet smells. They are used in soil fumigants and organic synthesis. Farmers use it as a pesticide specifically as a preplant fumigant and nematicide. Exposure can cause skin irritation at the point of contact. 1-1 Dichloropropene can be found in soil, water, and the air but not as much as 2-3 Dichloropropene.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2,3,4-Diepoxybutane It is a colorless liquid at room temperature, miscible in water, and flammable. A chemical compound used as a chemical intermediate and a curing agent for polymers. It is listed as a carcinogen from animal studies. Primary routes of exposure are through inhalation and dermal contact. Exposure occurs during the manufacturing of fabrics or polymers. High levels of exposure can result in symptoms like nausea, headache, skin irritation, and vomiting.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2,3-Trichlorbenzene This compound is human made and is a colorless solid. It is primarily used as a solvent or intermediate. It is used to produce dyes and textiles. As a solvent, it is used to dissolve oils, waxes, greases, and rubber. Contact can be made by skin absorption, inhalation, or ingestion through contaminated water. Exposure may lead to skin, eye, and throat irritation. It may also cause headaches, dizziness, fatigue, diarrhea, or vomiting.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2,3-Trichloropropane This is a synthetic chemical that is colorless and a heavy liquid with a sweet but strong odor. It evaporates quickly into the air and can dissolve in water. It is used as an industrial solvent, paint and varnish remover, and a cleaning and degreasing agent. It can be inhaled, ingested, or absorbed by the skin. It is known to cause problems with the liver and respiratory irritations like throat and nose irritation or skin and eye irritation.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene A colorless liquid that is insoluble in water. It has an aromatic odor. It is used a dye carrier, herbicide intermediate, heat-transfer medium, a degreaser, lubricant, and a solvent. The general population is exposed during consumption of contaminated drinking water and food, especially fish. It causes lung irritation and developmental effects in animals. There is no information available on acute to chronic impact on humans. The MCL has been set to 5ppm over an 8-hour work day.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene It is released into the environment as a component of gasoline powered vehicles, waste treatment plants, and coal fired power stations. It is used as a solvent in dyes, perfumes, and resins. People are exposed mostly through the air and it can contaminant water. If too much is ingested or inhaled, it may cause respiratory irritations.  (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane In pure form, it is a colorless liquid. Commercial grades are dark-amber to dark-brown liquids which are slightly soluble in water. It has a pungent odor. It was used as a soil fumigant and nematocide. Human exposure can come from ingestion of contaminated drinking water and food. Exposure can lead to depression of the central nervous system.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2-Dibromoethane (EDB) It is sometimes found naturally in the environment when produced by algae and kelp. It is a colorless liquid with a sweet odor. It is used as a fumigant to control termites, beetles, moths, and as preparation for dyes and waxes. It can be found in the environment in the water or air or soil. It can be inhaled or ingested. Swallowing has caused death in humans. It is an anticipated human carcinogen because of the results from animal studies.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2-Dichlorobenzene  It is a colorless liquid that is not soluble in water. It is used to make herbicides, insecticides, medicines, and dyes. It is known to come in contact with the population via inhalation, ingestion through food or contaminated water, or skin contact. It can cause respiratory irritation, nausea, headache, vomiting, or diarrhea.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2-Dichloroethane  This compound is not naturally occurring and is a clear liquid with a pleasant smell and sweet taste. It is used in the production of vinyl products and plastics. It is also used as a solvent to remove lead from leaded gasoline. It can be inhaled or ingested. It causes damage to the liver, urinary system, and kidneys.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,2-Dichloropropane This compound is a colorless, flammable liquid with a sweet odor. It is used as an intermediate in the production of chlorinated chemicals and has also been used as a soil fumigant. It can be ingested from contaminant water and inhaled from vapors in the air. It causes nervous system damage, and respiratory irritation. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene It is a colorless liquid with a peculiar odor. It is insoluble in water. It is used to make plastic and dyes. It is also used in paints and coatings. It can be absorbed by the skin, inhaled, or ingested. It causes skin, eye, and respiratory irritation.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 1,3-Dichlorobenzene It is a colorless liquid that is no soluble in water. It is used to make herbicides, insecticides, medicine, and dyes. It can be absorbed through the skin, inhaled from air vapors, or ingested through contaminated water. It is more toxic if inhaled. If it is swallowed it may cause nausea or vomiting. It can cause serious skin and eye irritation.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1,3-Dichloropropane This compound is a colorless watery liquid with a sweet odor. It is insoluble in water and produces and irritating vapor. It is used as an intermediate in the production of chemical products for industry and consumer use like fumigants or dyes. It can be inhaled or ingested. It causes skin, eye, and throat irritation when exposed to high levels.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 1,4-Dichlorobenzene This is a white solid with a sweet taste and strong odor. It is used as a fumigant for the control of moths, molds, and mildews. It is used as a space deodorant for toilets and refuse containers. It has been used as an intermediate in the production of other chemicals and the control of tree-boring insects and mold in tobacco seeds. The population is exposed through breathing in vapors. It has been detected in drinking water at levels ranging from 0.01-1.54ppb. In humans, exposure can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and throat. It affects the CNS and can cause weakness in the limbs.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 1,4-Dioxane It appears as a colorless flammable liquid. It has a faint pleasant odor. It is used as a solvent for cellulose acetate, ethyl cellulose, benzyl cellulose, resins, oils, wax, and some dyes. You can be exposed through ingestion, inhalation, or skin contact. Exposure has been known to cause vertigo, drowsiness, headache, anorexia, and respiratory irritation.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 1-Chlorobutane This is a water white liquid with a sharp odor. It is slightly soluble in water and vapors are heavier than the air. It is used as an intermediate in manufacturing organic chemicals. It can be ingested, inhaled, or contact is made from the skin. It is mildly irritating to the skin and eyes. It may cause a loss of consciousness and convulsing when high amounts are in the body.  (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 1-Chlorohexane This is a mobile, clear liquid with a detergent like odor. It is used in industrial production of adipic acid and caprolactam, which are precursors to nylon. When being used, it can be released in the air or contaminant the soil or ground water. High exposure can lead to respiratory irritation, nausea, vomiting, and headaches.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 1-Propanol This is a primary alcohol. It is a colorless liquid. It is used as a solvent in the pharmaceutical industry. ItÕs formed naturally in the environment. It can be inhaled, ingested, or effect humans be dermal contact. It can cause drowsiness, headache, nausea, weakness, eye irritation, and vomiting.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 2,2-Dichlorpropane It is a colorless liquid with a sweet smell. It is used in the production of paint remover, degreasing, oil processing, and in rubber and wax products. It can be inhaled through air vapors, absorbed in the body by skin contact, or ingested via water contamination. It can cause skin, eye, and throat irritation. It may also cause dizziness, headache, nausea, or vomiting.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Butane (MEK) MEK is used in the synthetic rubber industry. It is a colorless liquid with an acetone like odor.  It is used to produce paraffin wax, lacquer, varnishes, paint remover, and glues. It can be produced in both indoor and outdoor air. Most exposure occurs at the workplace and through household products that contain the chemical. Exposure can be made through ingesting, inhaling, or dermal contact. It can cause depression, headaches, nausea, dermatitis, and irritation.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Chloroethanol It is a colorless liquid with an ether like odor. It is classified as extremely hazardous. It can be ingested, inhaled, or contact the by via skin. It is an irritant of the eyes and skin. Over-exposure can result in death. It is used in dyes and as a building block for the production of pharmaceuticals, biocides, and plasticizers. It can also cause nausea, headaches, and vomiting.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Chloroethyl Vinyl Ether This is a colorless liquid. It is used in the manufacturing of cellulose ethers, anesthetics, and sedatives. It can affect humans when ingested or inhaled. It causes irritation to the skin and eyes and it can also cause headache, nausea, and vomiting.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Chlorotoluene This is a colorless liquid and has an aromatic odor. It is denser than water and not soluble at all so it sinks in water. It is used in food packaging and as an intermediate in dyes, perfume, and flavor products. It can be found in the air, soil, or contaminant water and food. It can be inhaled, ingested, or enter the body through dermal contact. It can be a strong irritant to the eyes and skin if too much exposure is measured.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Hexanone It is a clear, colorless liquid and has a sharp odor. It dissolves in water and can be found in the air or soil. It is used in paint and paint thinner. It is absorbed through lungs, the mouth, or through the skin. It causes eye irritation and respiratory problems.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Hydroxypropionitrile This is a straw colored liquid that is used as a solvent or intermediate in the production on ethyl lactate and lactic acid. It can be inhaled, ingested, or you can contact it through the skin. It is an extremely hazardous substance. Exposure can lead to death if not handled immediately. It is very toxic and coming in to contact with it can result in serious health problems within minutes. (--)     Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE   
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Methyl-Napthalene This is a solid like naphthalene. A naphthalene is a white solid also known as mothballs, moth flakes, white tar, and tar camphor. It burns easily in air. It is contained in fossil fuels and burning tobacco or wood produces it. It is also used to make vitamin K. It enters the environment from industrial uses. Traces are found mostly in the air and can be found in the water but not a lot. It can pass through soil and dissolve in groundwater. It is anticipated to be a human carcinogen because there is enough evidence based on animal studies. Large amounts of exposure may destroy some red blood cells.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Nitropropane This is a colorless liquid and classified as a nitro compound. It is flammable and slightly soluble in water. It is used as an intermediate in inks, paints, adhesives, fuel, and coatings. It is listed as a human carcinogen. People who work with this solvent and exposed to high levels may experience liver and kidney damage from ingestion or inhalation. Symptoms of high exposure may result in eye and skin irritation, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Pentanone This compound is a clear and colorless liquid with a fingernail polish odor. It can be found in paint additives and solvents for cleaning or degreasing. It can be absorbed in the body by inhalation or ingestion. It can cause dizziness, headache, skin irritation, or nausea.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Picoline It is also known as 2-methypyrdine. It is a colorless liquid with a distinct odor. It is used as an adhesive for textile tire cord or as a precursor to prevent loss of ammonia from fertilizers. It is very mobile in the environment and can contaminate water when released or the vapors can travel in the air from where itÕs being used. It can be inhaled, ingested, or dermal contact. It causes nausea, weakness, skin irritation, vomiting, or blurred vision.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles 2-Propanol It is a colorless liquid. This is a chemical commonly found in cleaning products. It can be found in rubbing alcohol and hand sanitizer. It can be inhaled or ingested and lead to alcohol poisoning. Ingesting can cause stomach pain, confusion, dizziness, or slowed breathing.  (--)     Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 3-Chloropropionitrile A colorless liquid with an acrid odor. It is used in pharmaceutical and polymer synthesis. Can affect the body when its inhaled or comes in contact with the skin. It can irritate the skin and eyes. High exposure cause headache, nausea, vomiting, weakness, and in some cases death.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 4-Chlorotuene Clear, colorless liquid. It is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of drugs, dyes, and pesticides. Routes of exposure include ingestion through contaminated drinking water or inhaling from vapors in the air. It is a strong irritant for the respiratory system, skin, and eyes.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles 4-Methyl-2-Pentanone (MIBK) It is a colorless, flammable liquid. It has a faint odor. This is a solvent used for gums, resins, paints, etc...  Humans are exposed through the air, water, and soil. It can be inhaled or harmful by dermal contact. Acute exposure may cause irritation to the eyes and mucous membranes. It also causes weakness, headache, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Acetone Acetone is a colorless, volatile, flammable organic solvent. Acetone occurs naturally in plants, trees, forest fires, vehicle exhaust and as a breakdown product of animal fat metabolism. Acetone is used as a solvent and an antiseptic. This agent may be normally present in very small quantities in urine and blood; larger amounts may be found in the urine and blood of diabetics. Acetone is toxic in high doses. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Acrolein (Propanol) Acrolein, stabilized is a colorless to yellow volatile liquid with a disagreeable choking odor. Initially irritating to the eyes and mucous membranes. Very toxic by inhalation. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air. Used to make other chemicals, plastics, and as a herbicide. Acrolein is primarily used as an intermediate in the synthesis of acrylic acid and as a biocide. It may be formed from the breakdown of certain pollutants in outdoor air or from the burning of organic matter including tobacco, or fuels such as gasoline or oil. It is toxic to humans following inhalation, oral or dermal exposures. Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure may result in upper respiratory tract irritation and congestion. No information is available on its reproductive, developmental, or carcinogenic effects in humans, and the existing animal cancer data are considered inadequate to decide that acrolein is carcinogenic to humans. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Acrylonitrile Acrylonitrile is a colorless, volatile liquid with a pungent, onion-like odor. Acrylonitrile is widely used in industry to produce rubber, resins, plastics, elastomers, and synthetic fibers and to manufacture carbon fibers used in aircraft, defense and aerospace industries. Exposure to acrylonitrile irritates the mucous membranes and causes a headache, nausea, dizziness, impaired judgment, difficulty breathing, limb weakness, cyanosis, convulsions, and collapse. Acrylonitrile is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing lung and prostate cancer. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Allyl Alcohol Allyl alcohol is a clear colorless liquid with a mustard-like odor. Very toxic by inhalation and ingestion. Less dense than water. Vapors are heavier than air. Prolonged exposure to low concentrations or short exposure to high concentrations may have adverse health effects, particularly from inhalation. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Allyl Chloride Allyl chloride is a clear colorless liquid with an unpleasant pungent odor. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapor irritates skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Vapors are heavier than air. Long exposure to low concentrations or short exposure to high concentrations may have adverse health effects from inhalation or skin absorption. Exposure to allyl chloride primarily occurs for workers in manufacturing plants. The acute (short-term) effects of allyl chloride from inhalation exposure in humans consists of irritation of the eyes and respiratory passages. Chronic (long-term) exposure to allyl chloride in humans causes injury to the liver and kidneys and the onset of pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs). (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Benzene Benzene is a clear, colorless, highly flammable and volatile, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon with a gasoline-like odor. Benzene is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene is found in crude oils and as a by-product of oil-refining processes. In industry benzene is used as a solvent, as a chemical intermediate, and is used in the synthesis of numerous chemicals. Exposure to this substance causes neurological symptoms and affects the bone marrow causing aplastic anemia, excessive bleeding and damage to the immune system. Benzene is a known human carcinogen and is linked to an increased risk of developing lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers, acute myelogenous leukemia, as well as chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Benzyl Chloride Benzyl chloride is a colorless liquid with an irritating odor. Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Slightly soluble in water. Corrosive to metals and tissue. A lachrymator. Benzyl chloride is used as a chemical intermediate in the manufacture of certain dyes and pharmaceutical products and as a photographic developer. The acute (short-term) effects of benzyl chloride from inhalation exposure in humans consist of severe irritation of the upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, and lung damage along with pulmonary edema (fluid in lungs). Exposure to high concentrations also causes effects on the central nervous system (CNS). Animal data indicate that long-term exposure to benzyl chloride by gavage (placing it experimentally in the stomachs of mice) increased the incidence of benign and malignant tumors at multiple sites and resulted in a significant increase in thyroid tumors in female rats. EPA has classified benzyl chloride as a Group B2, probable human carcinogen. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Bis(2-chloroethyl) Sulfide Contaminant History: Oily yellow-brown liquid with garlic taste and mustard odor. This is also known as mustard sulfur. It has been used in lethal warfare in the form of a gas. Once it penetrates the skin it can be extremely dangerous.  It is corrosive to skin and lung tissue resulting in skin blisters and hemoptysis. ItÕs long term affect may include cancer. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Bromoacetone Bromoacetone is a clear colorless liquid turning violet on standing, even in the absence of air, and decomposing to a black resinous mass on long standing. Denser than water and poorly soluble in water. Hence sinks in water. A violent lachrymator--low concentrations are very irritating to the eyes; high concentrations or prolonged exposure at lower concentrations may have adverse health effects. Very toxic by inhalation. Contact with the liquid causes painful burns. Used as a chemical war gas. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Bromobenzene Contaminant History: Mobile clear colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Hence sinks in water. Vapors are heavier than air. A skin irritant. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Bromochloromethane Bromochloromethane is a clear colorless liquid with a sweet chloroform-like odor. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Hence sinks in water. Liquid bromochloromethane will attack some forms of plastics, rubber, and coatings. Vapors may cause illness if inhaled. Nonflammable. When exposed to high temperatures may emit toxic fumes. Used as a fire extinguishing agent. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Bromodichloromethane A colorless, nonflammable liquid. Formed natural by algae in small amounts. Dissolves in water and evaporates in air. Most is formed when chlorine is added to drinking water to kill bacteria. It can be found in soil, air, or water. It can be inhaled or ingested. People are mostly exposed by drinking chlorinated water. You can breathe in vapors when washing dishes, cooking, bathing, or in a swimming pool. High doses have a negative impact on the central nervous system which causes sleepiness and causes incoordination. Damage to liver and kidneys happens from high and long term exposure. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Bromoform A colorless to yellow heavy liquid or crystalized with a chloroform odor and sweet taste. It is soluble in water and miscible with alcohol, benzene, chloroform, ether, petroleum, ether, acetone, and oils. It is a hazardous air pollutant and toxic air contaminant. It is used as a solvent for waxes, greases, and oils. It is also used in building ships and aircrafts. Traces are found in pools, water, and waste. Humans are exposed by inhalation, ingestion, and skin contact. It is highly irritating to the eyes and causes damage to the respiratory system.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Bromomethane Methyl bromide is a colorless highly toxic volatile liquid or a gas. Usually odorless, but has a sweetish chloroform-like odor at high concentrations. Used as an insecticide, a rodenticide, a fumigant, a nematocide, a chemical intermediate and as a fire extinguishing agent. Methyl bromide is used as a fumigant and pesticide. Exposure may occur during fumigation activities. Methyl bromide is highly toxic. Studies in humans indicate that the lung may be severely injured by the acute (short-term) inhalation of methyl bromide. Acute and chronic (long-term) inhalation of methyl bromide can lead to neurological effects in humans. Neurological effects have also been reported in animals. Degenerative and proliferative lesions in the nasal cavity developed in rats chronically exposed to methyl bromide by inhalation. Chronic inhalation exposure of male animals has resulted in effects on the testes at high concentrations. EPA has classified methyl bromide as a Group D, not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Butyl Acetate Butyl acetate is a clear colorless liquid with a fruity odor. Density less than water. Hence floats on water. Vapors heavier than air. Commonly used in Lacquer solvent, primarily for wooden furniture and auto top-coat applications. Prolonged or frequently repeated exposures may lead to drying /of skin and irritation of the eye/. Inhalation /exposure produces/ irritation of respiratory passages. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Carbon Disulfide Contaminant History: is a colorless, flammable, poisonous liquid, CS2. It is used as a solvent, and is a counterirritant and has local anesthetic properties but is not used as such. It is highly toxic with pronounced CNS, hematologic, and dermatologic effects. Exposure to carbon disulfide occurs mainly in the workplace. Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure of humans to carbon disulfide has caused changes in breathing and chest pains. Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue, headache, mood changes, lethargy, blurred vision, delirium, and convulsions have also been reported in humans acutely exposed by inhalation. Neurologic effects, including behavioral and neurophysiological changes, have been observed in chronic (long-term) human and animal inhalation studies. Reproductive effects, such as decreased sperm count and menstrual disturbances, have been observed in humans exposed to carbon disulfide by inhalation. Animal studies support these findings. EPA has not classified carbon disulfide for human carcinogenicity. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Carbon Tetrachloride Carbon Tetrachloride is a clear, colorless, volatile and very stable chlorinated hydrocarbon. Carbon Tetrachloride is used as a solvent for oils and fats, as a refrigerant and as a dry-cleaning agent. Inhalation of its vapors can depress central nervous system activity and cause degeneration of the liver and kidneys. Carbon Tetrachloride is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.  Poisoning by inhalation, ingestion or skin absorption is possible and may be fatal. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Chloral Hydrate Chloral hydrate is an organic compound with the formula C₂H₃Cl₃O₂. It is a colorless solid. It has limited use as a sedative and hypnotic pharmaceutical drug. It is also a useful laboratory chemical reagent and precursor. It may be used to prevent symptoms of alcohol withdrawal or to treat existing withdrawal symptoms. It may also be used to produce sedation or sleep before certain procedures, or to relieve anxiety due to certain procedures or substance withdrawal. It may also be used to treat other conditions as determined by your doctor. Chloral hydrate is a nonbarbiturate sedative and hypnotic. It works by depressing the central nervous system (brain). This causes drowsiness and helps you to fall asleep. It is less likely to cause a slower breathing rate than barbiturate-type sedatives/hypnotics. If digested in excess it can cause organ failure and overdose. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Chloroacetonitrile  Chloroacetonitrile is a colorless liquid with a pungent odor. Insoluble in water and denser than water. Hence, sinks in water. Very toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption. A lachrymator. Used to make other chemicals and as a fumigant. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Chlorobenzene Chlorobenzene is a colorless to clear, yellowish liquid with a sweet almond-like odor. Practically insoluble in water and somewhat denser than water. Vapors heavier than air. Used to make pesticides, dyes, and other chemicals. Chlorobenzene is used primarily as a solvent, a degreasing agent, and a chemical intermediate. Limited information is available on the acute (short-term) effects of chlorobenzene. Acute inhalation exposure of animals to chlorobenzene produced narcosis, restlessness, tremors, and muscle spasms. Chronic (long-term) exposure of humans to chlorobenzene affects the central nervous system (CNS). Signs of neurotoxicity in humans include numbness, cyanosis, hyperesthesia (increased sensation), and muscle spasms. No information is available on the carcinogenic effects of chlorobenzene in humans. EPA has classified chlorobenzene as a Group D, not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Chlorodibromomethane Colorless to yellow. Liquid form. It is inflammable with a sweet odor. It is a contaminant of drinking water that is chlorinated to kill bacteria and viruses. Mainly found in water that originated from rivers and lakes. The amount present differs from day to day depending on the source and other factors. In the environment it is usually found as a gas or dissolved in water. Humans are exposed by skin contact, ingesting, or inhaling. Effects on the body depend on the amount taken in. It causes sleepiness and sedation or slows brain activity. High doses may cause damage to the liver and kidneys.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Chloroethane Ethyl chloride is a clear colorless gas with a pungent odor. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Under prolonged exposure to fire or heat the containers may rupture violently and rocket. Chloroethane is a gas that condenses under slight pressure. Because of its low boiling point ethyl chloride sprayed on skin produces an intense cold by evaporation. Cold blocks nerve conduction. Ethyl chloride has been used in surgery but is primarily used to relieve local pain in sports medicine. effects on the lungs, liver, kidneys, and heart due to exposure to ethyl chloride via inhalation. No studies were located regarding carcinogenic effects following ethyl chloride inhalation exposure in humans. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Chloroform Colorless liquid with a nonirritating odor and slightly sweet taste. It burns at high temperatures. In the past, it was used as an anesthetic during surgery. Today, it is used to make other chemicals and is formed when chlorine is added to water. High doses can cause damage to the heart and blood vessels. It can also do damage to the nervous and reproductive system causing nerve damage and problems producing children.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Volatiles Chloromethane Methyl chloride is a colorless gas with a faint sweet odor. Chloromethane is a hydrocarbon used as an industrial solvent. It has been used as an aerosal propellent, as a refrigerant and as a local anesthetic. Low levels of methyl chloride occur naturally in the environment. Higher levels may occur at chemical plants where it is made or used. Acute (short-term) exposure to high concentrations of methyl chloride in humans has caused severe neurological effects. Methyl chloride has also caused effects on the heart rate, blood pressure, liver, and kidneys in humans. Chronic (long-term) animal studies have shown liver, kidney, spleen, and central nervous system (CNS) effects. Inhalation studies have demonstrated that methyl chloride causes reproductive effects in male rats, with effects such as testicular lesions and decreased sperm production. Human cancer data are limited. EPA has classified methyl chloride as a Group D carcinogen (not classifiable as to human carcinogenicity).  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Chloroprene Chloroprene, stabilized is a clear colorless liquid. May polymerize exothermically if heated or contaminated. If polymerization takes place inside a container, the container may rupture violently. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air. Used to make neoprene rubber. Toxic, possibly carcinogenic, monomer of neoprene, a synthetic rubber; causes damage to skin, lungs, CNS, kidneys, liver, blood cells and fetuses. Synonym: 2-chlorobutadiene. Symptoms reported from acute (short-term) human exposure to high concentrations of chloroprene include giddiness, headache, irritability, dizziness, insomnia, fatigue, respiratory irritation, cardiac palpitations, chest pains, nausea, gastrointestinal disorders, dermatitis, temporary hair loss, conjunctivitis, and corneal necrosis. Symptoms of chronic (long-term) exposure in workers were fatigue, chest pains, giddiness, irritability, dermatitis, and hair loss. Chronic occupational exposure to chloroprene vapor may contribute to liver function abnormalities, disorders of the cardiovascular system, and depression of the immune system. Occupational studies have found that exposure to chloroprene increases the risk of liver cancer. (--)     Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene 1,2-dichloroethylene, (cis isomers) is a clear colorless liquid with an ether-like odor. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air. It is used to produce solvents and in chemical mixtures. You can smell very small amounts of 1, 2-dichloroethene in air. There are two forms of 1, 2-dichloroethene; one is called cis-1, 2-dichloroethene and the other is called trans-1,2-di-chloroethene. Sometimes both forms are present as a mixture. Also used in the making of perfumes. May cause toxic effects if inhaled or absorbed through skin. Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire will produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Cis-1,3-Dichloropropene Colorless to amber liquid with a sweetish odor. 1,3-Dichloropropene is used as a component in formulations for soil fumigants. Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure of humans following a spill caused mucous membrane irritation, chest pain, and breathing difficulties. Effects on the lung have been observed in rats acutely exposed to 1,3-dichloropropene by inhalation. Chronic (long-term) dermal exposure may result in skin sensitization in humans. Damage to the nasal mucosa and urinary bladder are the primary health effects of rodents chronically exposed to 1,3-dichloropropene by inhalation. Information on the carcinogenic effects of 1,3-dichloropropene in humans is limited; two cases of histiocytic lymphomas and one case of leukemia have been reported in humans accidentally exposed by inhalation to concentrated vapors during cleanup of a tank truck spill. (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Crontonaldehyde Crotonaldehyde is a clear, colorless to straw colored liquid with a strong, suffocating odor. It is highly flammable and produces toxic vapors at room temperature. Crotonaldehyde is found naturally in emissions of some vegetation and volcanoes; many foods contain crotonaldehyde in small amounts. Crotonaldehyde is mainly used in the manufacture of sorbic acid, which is a yeast and mold inhibitor. Crotonaldehyde has been used as a warning agent in fuels, as alcohol denaturant, as stabilizer for tetraethyl-lead, in the preparation of rubber accelerators, and in leather tanning. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Dibromomethane Dibromomethane is a colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Insoluble in water and denser than water. May be toxic by ingestion. Used as a solvent and as a motor fuel. Anesthetic effects, nausea and drunkenness. Skin irritation of eyes and nose. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Dichlorodifluoromethane  Dichlorodifluoromethane is a colorless gas having a faint ethereal odor. Shipped as a liquid confined under its own vapor pressure. Contact with the unconfined liquid can cause frostbite. Both components are noncombustible. Can asphyxiate by the displacement of air. Exposure of the closed container to prolonged heat or fire can cause it to rupture violently and rocket. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Diethyl Ether  Diethyl ether is a clear colorless liquid with an anesthetic odor. Less dense than water and slightly soluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapors are heavier than air. Used as a solvent and to make other chemicals. It is a mobile, very volatile, highly flammable liquid used as an inhalation anesthetic and as a solvent for waxes, fats, oils, perfumes, alkaloids, and gums. It is mildly irritating to skin and mucous membranes. Ether is an organic compound in which two carbon atoms are linked through an oxygen atom (C-O-C). An ether may be a product of the condensation of alcohols. Ether also refers loosely to diethyl-ether, a colorless, volatile, highly inflammable liquid used in industry and biomedical research, and historically important as an anesthetic agent. In vivo, ether acts similarly to alcohol and chloroform, but its stimulant action on the heart is much more marked. Ether is a rapidly diffusible stimulant.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Diisopropyl Ether Diisopropyl ether is a clear colorless liquid with an ethereal odor. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air.  It is used as a specialized solvent to remove or extract polar organic compounds from aqueous solutions, e.g. phenols, ethanol, acetic acid. Mildly irritating to the skin and mucous membranes.  Inhalation of high concentrations may cause CNS depretion, uncionsciousness.  Death may occur due to respiratory paralysis.    (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Epichlorohydrin  It is a clear colorless liquid with an irritating chloroform-like odor. Polymerizable. If polymerization takes place inside a closed container, the container is subject to violent rupture. Irritates the skin and respiratory system. Toxic by ingestion. A confirmed carcinogen. Vapors heavier than air. Used to make plastics and as a solvent. Epichlorohydrin is mainly used in the production of epoxy resins. Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure to epichlorohydrin in the workplace has caused irritation to the eyes, respiratory tract, and skin of workers. At high levels of exposure, nausea, vomiting, cough, labored breathing, inflammation of the lung, pulmonary edema, and renal lesions may be observed in humans. Chronic (long-term) occupational exposure of humans to epichlorohydrin in air is associated with high levels of respiratory tract illness and hematological effects. Damage to the nasal passages, respiratory tract and kidneys have been observed in rodents exposed to epichlorohydrin by inhalation for acute or chronic duration. An increased incidence of tumors of the nasal cavity has been observed in rats exposed by inhalation. EPA has classified epichlorohydrin as a Group B2, probable human carcinogen. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Ethanol  Ethanol is a clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES. Alcohol is a volatile liquid prepared by fermentation of certain carbohydrates. Alcohol acts as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, a diuretic, and a disinfectant. Although the exact mechanism of CNS depression is unknown, alcohol may act by inhibiting the opening of calcium channels, mediated by the binding of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) to GABA-A receptors, or through inhibitory actions at N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate receptors. Alcohol inhibits the production of antidiuretic hormone, thereby producing diuresis that may lead to dehydration. This agent kills organisms by denaturing their proteins. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Ethyl Acetate  Ethyl acetate is a clear colorless liquid with a fruity odor.  Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air. Headache, irritation of respiratory passages and eyes, dizziness and nausea, weakness, loss of consciousness. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Ethyl Methacrylate Ethyl methacrylate is a colorless moderately toxic liquid with an acrid odor. Vapors irritate the eyes and respiratory system. Less dense than water. Not soluble in water. Used to make polymers and other chemicals. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Ethylbenzene Ethylbenzene is a clear colorless liquid with an aromatic odor Ethylbenzene is mainly used in the manufacture of styrene. Acute (short-term) exposure to ethylbenzene in humans results in respiratory effects, such as throat irritation and chest constriction, irritation of the eyes, and neurological effects such as dizziness. Chronic (long-term) exposure to ethylbenzene by inhalation in humans has shown conflicting results regarding its effects on the blood.. Limited information is available on the carcinogenic effects of ethylbenzene in humans.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Ethylene Oxide Oxirane is a colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. Exposure to this substance is highly irritating to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract, induces nausea and vomiting and causes central nervous system depression. Ethylene oxide is mutagenic in humans and chronic exposure is associated with an increased risk of leukemia, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Hexachlorobutadiene Hexachlorobutadiene is a colorless liquid with a mild odor. Insoluble in water and denser than water. Nonflammable. Hexachlorobutadiene is used mainly as an intermediate in the manufacture of rubber compounds. No information is available on the health effects of hexachlorobutadiene in humans. May be toxic by ingestion or inhalation EPA has classified hexachlorobutadiene as a Group C, possible human carcinogen. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Hexachloroethane Hexachloroethane is a crystalline, colorless, toxic, solid chlorinated hydrocarbon with a camphor-like odor and emits toxic and irritating fumes when heated to decomposition. Hexachloroethane was used as an anthelmintic to treat fascioliasis in cattle and sheep, in refining aluminum alloys, in smoke bombs and pyrotechnic and as a degassing agent and polymer additive. Exposure to this substance irritates the skin and mucous membranes, causes liver damage and acts as a central nervous system depressant. Hexachloroethane is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Iodomethane Methyl iodide is a colorless liquid that turns brown on exposure to light Methyl iodide is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of some pharmaceuticals and pesticides, in methylation processes, and in the field of microscopy. In humans, acute (short-term) exposure to methyl iodide by inhalation may depress the central nervous system (CNS), irritate the lungs and skin, and affect the kidneys. Massive acute inhalation exposure to methyl iodide has led to pulmonary edema. Acute inhalation exposure of humans to methyl iodide has resulted in nausea, vomiting, vertigo, ataxia, slurred speech, drowsiness, skin blistering, and eye irritation. Chronic (long-term) exposure of humans to methyl iodide by inhalation may affect the CNS and cause skin burns. EPA has not classified methyl iodide for potential carcinogenicity. (--) Resource 1s   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Isobutyl Alcohol Isobutanol is a clear colorless liquid with a sweet odor. Used in agricultural products (non-pesticidal) fuels and related products, ink, toner, colorant products, laundry and dishwashing products and paints and coatings. Contact with eyes is extremely irritating and may cause burns. Breathing vapors will be irritating to the nose and throat. In high concentrations, may cause nausea, dizziness, headache, and stupor. (--)     Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Isopropyl Acetate Isopropyl acetate is a clear colorless liquid. It is used as a solvent for cellulose, plastics, oil and fats. It is a component of some printing inks and perfumes.  Contact with the material may irritate skin, eyes or mucous membranes. Isopropyl acetate is quite flammable in both its liquid and vapor forms, and it may be harmful if swallowed or inhaled. May be toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption.  (--) Resource 1s   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Isopropylbenzene is used in a variety of petroleum products. Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure to cumene may cause headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, slight incoordination, and unconsciousness in humans. Cumene has a potent central nervous system (CNS) depressant action characterized by a slow induction period and long duration of narcotic effects in animals. Cumene is a skin and eye irritant. No information is available on the chronic (long-term), reproductive, developmental, or carcinogenic effects of cumene in humans. Animal studies have reported increased liver, kidney, and adrenal weights from inhalation exposure (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles M,p-Xylene P-xylene is a colorless watery liquid with a sweet odor. Xylene is used in the laboratory to make baths with dry ice to cool reaction vessels and as a solvent to remove synthetic immersion oil from the microscope objective in light microscopy.The main effect of inhaling xylene vapor is depression of the central nervous system (CNS), with symptoms such as headache, dizziness, nausea and vomiting. The side effects of exposure to low concentrations of xylene are reversible and do not cause permanent damage. One report contained data that shows long-term exposure to low levels of xylene led to a decrease in balance, coordination, and reaction times in participants. Long-term exposure may lead to headaches, irritability, depression, insomnia, agitation, extreme tiredness, tremors, impaired concentration and short-term memory.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Malononitrile Malononitrile is a white-colored crystalline solid. Denser than water and soluble in water. May polymerize violently if exposed to high temperatures. Used to make other chemicals. Toxic by ingestion and may severely irritate skin and eyes. Metabolized by body to cyanide and thiocyanate; effects of inhalation of toxic fumes will be related to cyanide. Causes brain and heart damage related to lack of cellular oxygen. It is classified as extremely toxic. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Methacrylonitrile Methacrylonitrile, stabilized is a clear colorless liquid. Less dense than water. Used to make plastics and coatings. Very be toxic by ingestion, inhalation and skin absorption. Effects from exposure may include contact burns to the skin and eyes, nausea, headache, tachycardia, CNS depression, convulsions, asphyxiation, coma, and death.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Methanol Methanol is a colorless, flammable liquid used in the manufacture of formaldehyde and acetic acid, in chemical synthesis, antifreeze, and as a solvent. Ingestion of methanol is toxic and may cause blindness. Methanol is used as a solvent and as an intermediate in chemical synthesis. Component of deicing mixtures and preservatives. Methanol is released to the environment during industrial uses and naturally from volcanic gases, vegetation, and microbes. Exposure may occur from ambient air and during the use of solvents. Acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) exposure of humans to methanol by inhalation or ingestion may result in blurred vision, headache, dizziness, and nausea.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Methyl Acetate Methyl acetate, also known as MeOAc, acetic acid methyl ester or methyl ethanoate, is a carboxylate ester with the formula CH3COOCH3. It is a flammable liquid with a characteristically pleasant smell reminiscent of some glues and nail polish removers. Methyl acetate is occasionally used as a solvent, being weakly polar and lipophilic, but its close relative ethyl acetate is a more common solvent being less toxic and less soluble in water.  Inhalation causes headache, fatigue, and drowsiness; high concentrations can produce central nervous system depression and optic nerve damage. Liquid irritates eyes and may cause defatting and cracking of skin. Ingestion causes headache, dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue; may cause severe eye damage.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Methyl Acrylate Methyl acrylate, stabilized is a colorless volatile liquid with an acrid odor. Used in apparel and footwear care products, fuels and related products, paints and coatings, personal care products, and plastic and rubber products not covered elsewhere. Vapors may irritate the eyes and respiratory system. Highly toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Methyl Methacrylate Methyl Methacrylate is a methyl ester of methacrylic acid. Methyl methacrylate is a reactive resin, and the polymerized form is used as cement in dentistry, orthopedic surgery and ophthalmology. The monomer form of this agent has relaxation effect on smooth muscle systemically, which might be a result of nitric oxide-mediated response. Methyl methacrylate is used in the manufacture of resins and plastics. Methyl methacrylate is irritating to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes in humans. An allergic response to dermal exposure may develop. Respiratory effects have been reported in humans following acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) inhalation exposures. Respiratory symptoms observed following acute exposures include chest tightness, dyspnea, coughing, wheezing, and reduced peak flow. Neurological symptoms have also been reported in humans following acute exposure to methyl methacrylate. Fetal abnormalities have been reported in animals exposed to methyl methacrylate by injection and inhalation.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) Methyl tert-butyl ether is a colorless liquid with a distinctive anesthetic-like odor. Vapors are heavier than air and narcotic. Methyl tert-butyl ether is used as a gasoline additive. Exposure may occur by breathing air contaminated with auto exhaust or gasoline fumes while refueling autos. Respiratory irritation, dizziness, and disorientation have been reported by some motorists and occupationally exposed workers. Acute (short-term) exposure of humans to methyl tert-butyl ether also has occurred during its use as a medical treatment to dissolve cholesterol gallstones. Chronic (long-term) inhalation exposure to methyl tert-butyl ether has resulted in central nervous system (CNS) effects, respiratory irritation, liver and kidney effects, and decreased body weight gain in animals.  (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Methylene Chloride Methylene Chloride is a clear, colorless, nonflammable, volatile liquid chlorinated hydrocarbon with a sweet, pleasant smell and emits highly toxic fumes of phosgene when heated to decomposition. Methylene chloride is primarily used as a solvent in paint removers, but is also used in aerosol formulations, as a solvent in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, as a degreasing agent, in electronics manufacturing and as an ethane foam blowing agent. Inhalation exposure to this substance irritates the nose and throat and affects the central nervous system. Methylene chloride is a possible mutagen and is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles N-Amyl Acetate N-amyl acetate is a mixture of isomers. A clear colorless liquid with a banana-like odor. Vapors heavier than air. Used in paint additives and coating additives not described by other categories and processing aids, specific to petroleum production Solvents (which become part of product formulation or mixture). Irritation of eyes, nose and throat. Dizziness, nausea, headache.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Naphthalene Naphthalene is a white, volatile, solid polycyclic hydrocarbon with a strong mothball odor. Naphthalene is obtained from either coal tar or petroleum distillation and is primarily used to manufacture phthalic anhydride, but is also used in moth repellents. Exposure to naphthalene is associated with hemolytic anemia, damage to the liver and neurological system, cataracts and retinal hemoarrhage. Naphthalene is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing laryngeal and colorectal cancer. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles N-Butanol N-butyl alcohol is a colorless liquid. Used in organic chemical synthesis, plasticizers, detergents, etc. Also used in Cleaning and Furnishing Care Products, Paints, and Coatings. Cause Anesthesia, nausea, headache, dizziness, irritation of respiratory passages. Mildly irritating to the skin and eyes. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles N-Butylbenzene N-butylbenzene is a colorless liquid. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Used to make plastics and as a solvent. Inhalation or contact with material may irritate or burn skin and eyes. Fire may produce irritating, corrosive and/or toxic gases. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Nitrobenzene Nitrobenzene is a yellowish, oily, aromatic nitro-compound with an almond-like odor that emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides upon combustion. Nitrobenzene is primarily used in the manufacture of aniline, but is also used in the manufacture of lubricating oils, dyes, drugs, pesticides, and synthetic rubber. Exposure to nitrobenzene irritates the skin, eyes and respiratory tract and can result in methemoglobinemia causing fatigue, dyspnea, dizziness, disturbed vision, shortness of breath, collapse and even death. Nitrobenzene also damages the liver, spleen, kidneys and central nervous system. This substance is a possible mutagen and is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles N-Nitroso-di-n-butylamine N-nitrosodi-n-butylamine is a pale-yellow liquid. Can  be stable at room temperature for days in neutral or alkaline aqueous solutions in dark, slightly less stable in acidic solutions; light-sensitive, especially to UV light. N-Nitrosamines are products formed from the nitrosation of secondary amines, but are occasionally also derived from the nitrosation of some primary and tertiary amines or quaternary ammonium compounds. Probable human carcinogen. Increased incidences of several tumor types in rats, mice and hamsters exposed by various routes. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles N-Propylamine Propylamine is a clear colorless liquid with an ammonia-like odor. Less dense than water and soluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Used in chemical analysis and to make other chemicals. Mucous membrane and respiratory tract irritation if inhaled. Can also cause Tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonitis, and pulmonary edema. If it comes in contact with eyes it can cause severe corneal damage or complete eye destruction. When it is ingested it causes Corrosive to G.I. tract. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles N-Propylbenzene N-propyl benzene is a clear colorless liquid. Insoluble in water and less dense than water. Flash point 86ĄF. Mildly toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Used to make other chemicals. Also used to make fuels and related products. It causes systemic issue on the human body such as depression, headache, anorexia, muscular weakness, incoordination, vertigo, mental confusion and sometime unconsciousness.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles O-Toluidine O-toluidine is a clear colorless or light yellow liquid. May become reddish brown on exposure to air and light. Has about the same density as water and is very slightly soluble in water. Vapors are heavier than air. o-Toluidine is primarily used in the manufacture of dyes. o-Toluidine is highly toxic to humans when absorbed through the skin, inhaled as vapor, or swallowed. Acute (short-term) exposure of humans to o-toluidine affects the blood (i.e., methemoglobinemia), with clinical signs of central nervous system depression. The chronic (long-term) effects in workers exposed to o-toluidine include anemia, anorexia, weight loss, skin lesions, central nervous system depression, cyanosis, and methemoglobinemia. Animal studies indicate that chronic exposure to o-toluidine causes effects on the spleen, liver, urinary bladder, and blood. Occupational exposure to dyestuffs (including o-toluidine) is associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles O-xylene O-xylene is a colorless watery liquid with a sweet odor. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. It is generally used in fuels and other related products. When in contact it causes irritation of eyes, skin, nose, throat; dizziness, excitement, drowsiness, incoordination, staggering gait; corneal vacuolization; anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain; dermatitis (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Paraldeyde Paraldehyde is a clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Less dense than water. Vapors are heavier than air. It is a hypnotic and sedative with anticonvulsant effects. However, because of the hazards associated with its administration, its tendency to react with plastic, and the risks associated with its deterioration, it has largely been superseded by other agents. It is still occasionally used to control status epilepticus resistant to conventional treatment. (--)     Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Pentachloroethane Pentachloroethane is a colorless liquid with a chloroform-like odor. Insoluble in water and denser than water. Toxic by inhalation and ingestion. May irritate skin and eyes. Used as a solvent. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles P-Isopropyltoluene p-Cymene is a naturally occurring aromatic organic compound. It is classified as an alkylbenzene related to a monoterpene. Its structure consists of a benzene ring para-substituted with a methyl group and an isopropyl group. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Propargyl Alcohol Propargyl alcohol is a clear colorless liquid with a geranium-like odor. Flash point 97ĄF. Vapors are heavier than air. Used to make other chemicals, as a corrosion inhibitor and a soil fumigant. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Propiolactone Beta-Propiolactone is used for vaccines, tissue grafts, surgical instruments, and enzymes, as a sterilizer of blood plasma, water, milk, and nutrient broth, and as a vapor-phase disinfectant in enclosed spaces. Its sporicidal action is used against vegetative bacteria, pathologic fungi, and viruses. beta-Propiolactone is also used as a chemical intermediate. Its sporicidal action is used against vegetative bacteria, pathologic fungi, and viruses. Dermal exposure to beta-propiolactone causes the burning or blistering of the skin, and ingestion of this substance burns the mouth and stomach while exposure to its vapors causes severe irritation of the eyes, throat and respiratory tract. This substance is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Propionitrile (Ethyl Cyanide) Propionitrile is a colorless liquid with an ether-like odor. Used as a solvent, and to make other chemicals. Toxic by inhalation, skin absorption, and ingestion.  Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; nausea, vomiting; chest pain; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); stupor, convulsions. The substance is moderately irritating to the eyes and skin. The vapor is irritating to the upper respiratory tract. The substance may cause effects on the cellular respiration. This may result in metabolic acidosis, central nervous system depression, cardiac disorders, and death. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Propyl Acetate It is used as a solvent and an example of an ester. This clear, colorless liquid is known by its characteristic odor of pears. Due to this fact, it is commonly used in fragrances and as a flavor additive. High vapor concentrations will be irritating and will cause nausea, vomiting, and dizziness, with final loss of consciousness. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Pyridine Pyridine is a colorless liquid with an unpleasant smell. It can be made from crude coal tar or from other chemicals. Pyridine is used to dissolve other substances. It is also used to make many different products such as medicines, vitamins, food flavorings, paints, dyes, rubber products, adhesives, insecticides, and herbicides. Pyridine can also be formed from the breakdown of many natural materials in the environment. Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Vapor irritates eyes and nose. Liquid irritates skin and is absorbed through the skin. Overexposure causes nausea, headache, nervous symptoms, increased urinary frequency. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Sec-Butylbenzene Colorless liquid. Prepared from benzene and n-butyl chloride in presence of AlCl3. Materials that, on exposure, would cause significant irritation, but only minor residual injury, including those requiring the use of an approved air-purifying respirator. These materials are only slightly hazardous to health and only breathing protection is needed. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Styrene Acute (short-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in mucous membrane and eye irritation, and gastrointestinal effects. Chronic (long-term) exposure to styrene in humans results in effects on the central nervous system (CNS), such as headache, fatigue, weakness, and depression, CSN dysfunction, hearing loss, and peripheral neuropathy. STYRENE is a colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles T-Butyl Alcohol tert-Butyl alcohol is a colorless solid, which melts near room temperature and has a camphor-like odor. It is very soluble in water and miscible with ethanol and diethyl ether.t-Butyl alcohol has been identified in beer and chickpeas It is also found in cassava which is used as fermentation ingredient in certain alcoholic beverages. Vapor: Irritating to eyes, nose, and throat; ... Liquid: Irritating to the eyes.  (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Tert-Amyl Methyl Ether tert-Amyl methyl ether (TAME) is an ether used as a fuel oxygenate. It has an ethereous odor. Unlike most ethers, it does not form peroxides on storage.. TAME is mostly used as an oxygenate to gasoline. It is added for three reasons: to increase octane enhancement, to replace banned tetraethyl lead, and to raise the oxygen content in gasoline. It is known that TAME in fuel reduces exhaust emissions of some volatile organic compounds The substance can be absorbed into the body by inhalation and by ingestion and can cause dizziness, drowsiness &  weakness. (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Tert-Butylbenzene Colorless liquid, Insoluble in water; very soluble in ethanol and ethyl ether; miscible in acetone. Materials that, on intense or continued (but not chronic) exposure, could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury, including those requiring the use of respiratory protective equipment that has an independent air supply. These materials are hazardous to health, but areas may be entered freely if personnel are provided with full-face mask self-contained breathing apparatus that provides complete eye protection. (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles TetraChloroethylene A chlorinated hydrocarbon used as an industrial solvent and cooling liquid in electrical transformers. It is a potential carcinogen. Tetrachloroethylene is widely used for dry-cleaning fabrics and metal degreasing operations. Effects resulting from acute (short term) high-level inhalation exposure of humans to tetrachloroethylene include irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes, kidney dysfunction, and neurological effects such as reversible mood and behavioral changes, impairment of coordination, dizziness, headache, sleepiness, and unconsciousness. The primary effects from chronic (long term) inhalation exposure are neurological, including impaired cognitive and motor neurobehavioral performance. Tetrachloroethylene exposure may also cause adverse effects in the kidney, liver, immune system and hematologic system, and on development and reproduction. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Toluene Toluene is a widely used industrial solvent. Toluene is added to gasoline, used to produce benzene, and used as a solvent. Exposure to toluene may occur from breathing ambient or indoor air affected by such sources. The central nervous system (CNS) is the primary target organ for toluene toxicity in both humans and animals for acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) exposures. CNS dysfunction and narcosis have been frequently observed in humans acutely exposed to elevated airborne levels of toluene; symptoms include fatigue, sleepiness, headaches, and nausea. CNS depression has been reported to occur in chronic abusers exposed to high levels of toluene. Chronic inhalation exposure of humans to toluene also causes irritation of the upper respiratory tract and eyes, sore throat, dizziness, and headache. Human studies have reported developmental effects, such as CNS dysfunction, attention deficits, and minor craniofacial and limb anomalies, in the children of pregnant women exposed to high levels of toluene or mixed solvents by inhalation. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Volatiles Total THM A group of chemical compounds found in drinking water. They are formed during treatment of drinking water. They are formed when organic matter in water reacts with chlorine disinfectants. They are tasteless and odorless. TTHMs have been linked to bladder cancer, heart, lungs, kidney, liver, and CNS damage. They may also be responsible for reproductive issues and miscarriages. They can be ingested, inhaled, or contact by skin. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Total Xylenes They are all colorless, flammable liquids, some of which are of great industrial value. First isolated from a crude wood distillate; ... obtained from coal tar; by catalytic isomerization of hydrocarbon fraction. Exposure to this clear, sweet-smelling liquid may occur during its use as a solvent for paints, coatings, adhesives, and rubber and as a component of gasoline. Toxic by all routes of exposure (ie, dermal, ingestion, and inhalation), xylene can cause effects including headache, dizziness, skin and eye irritation, kidney, and liver impairment, to pulmonary edema, coma, and death.  Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene It is a highly flammable, colorless liquid with a sharp, harsh odor. These compounds have few industrial applications, although they are fundamental given their simple stoichiometries. These compounds have "moderate oral toxicity to rats. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Trichloroethylene Trichloroethylene is a synthetic, light sensitive, volatile, colorless, liquid that is miscible with many non-polar organic solvents. It is a highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment. Acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) inhalation exposure to trichloroethylene can affect the human central nervous system (CNS), with symptoms such as dizziness, headaches, confusion, euphoria, facial numbness, and weakness. Liver, kidney, immunological, endocrine, and developmental effects have also been reported in humans. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Trichlorofluoromethane Trichlorofluoromethane is a clear light colored liquid. Nearly odorless. It was the first widely used refrigerant. Prior to the knowledge of the ozone depletion potential of chlorine in refrigerants and other possible harmful effects on the environment, trichlorofluoromethane was sometimes used as a cleaning/rinsing agent for low pressure systems. Harmful in contact with skin. Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere. (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Vinyl Acetate A colorless liquid with a pungent odor, it is the precursor to polyvinyl acetate, an important polymer in industry. It is a key ingredient in furniture glue. Acute (short-term) inhalation exposure of workers to vinyl acetate has resulted in eye irritation and upper respiratory tract irritation. Chronic (long-term) occupational exposure did not result in any severe adverse effects in workers; some instances of upper respiratory tract irritation, cough, and/or hoarseness were reported (--) Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Volatiles Vinyl Chloride  ContaChloroethylene is a gas that has been used as an aerosol propellant and is the starting material for polyvinyl resins. Vinyl Chloride is a chlorinated hydrocarbon occurring as a colorless, highly flammable gas with a mild, sweet odor that may emit toxic fumes of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride and phosgene when heated to decomposition. Vinyl chloride is primarily used to make polyvinyl chloride to manufacture plastics. Exposure to this substance affects the central and peripheral nervous system and causes liver damage. Prolonged exposure to vinyl chloride can cause a set of symptoms that is characterized by Raynaud's phenomenon, joint and muscle pain and scleroderma-like skin changes. Vinyl chloride is a known human carcinogen and is associated with an increased risk of developing liver cancer, predominantly sarcoma of the liver, but is also linked to brain and lung cancer as well as cancer of the lymphatic and hematopoietic system. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Alachlor  Alachlor is used to control annual grasses and weeds in field corn, soybeans, and peanuts. It becomes successful by stopping the plants ability to produce protein and stopping root elongation. ItÕs one of the most used herbicides in the US. It can be purchased as granules or emulsifiable concentrate. Alachlor breaks down rapidly in water. Long term effects from exposure to high doses can damage the liver, spleen, and kidneys. Skin irritation can also be a side effect from prolonged exposure.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Aldrin Aldrin is used to control soil insects like termites, grasshoppers, and different kinds of worms. It is used to protect corn and potato crops and it can even protect wooden structures from termites. Aldrin residue is found in food and animals because it is metabolized to dieldrin by plants and animals. It is resistant to leaching into groundwater. This pesticide is toxic to humans. A lethal dose of Aldrin has been estimated at 5g. Symptoms of Aldrin intoxication include: headache, dizziness, nausea, and convulsions.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Atrazine Atrazine is one of the most used herbicides in the US. It is found in 94% of drinking water tested by the USDA. The highest levels of contamination are in the Midwest because Atrazine is used on corn fields. Drinking water concentrations spike during the spring and early summer and rain flushes the herbicide into streams and local water supplies. Human exposure can lead to an alteration of key hormonal levels, increases risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, and elevated risk of breast and prostate cancer.  Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Benzo(a)pyrene - (PAH)  PAHs are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. They are organic compounds which are flammable, colorless, and solid and room temperature. They are formed during natural processes like incomplete combustion of coal, wood, or during forest fires. They have also been detected in low levels in cigarette smoke. You can be exposed by breathing, eating, or drinking the substance. Benzo(a)pyrene is the most well-known PAH. It is very dangerous for the environment. Touching or breathing it in can cause skin or lung cancer.  Levels Resource 1 Resource 2 Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Butachlor Butachlor is an amber liquid that is insoluble in water and soluble in organic solvents. It is a very popular herbicide used to control weeds and unwanted grass. It is also used to control a variety of vegetables and other kinds of crops. ItÕs very popular in India and used to control unwanted vegetation and weeds in paddy fields. It can be found in soils, plants, and water. High levels can be toxic to humans and animals. It is a known carcinogen and groundwater pollutant.  (--)     Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Chlordane Chlordane is a chemical pesticide that was banned a little over 20 years ago. This is a special pesticide because even though it was banned, the risk of exposure still exists. It is considered a persistent organic pollutant. Chlordane can be found anywhere. Soil contamination is popular in Iowa and traces have been found in human breast milk in China. If ingested, Chlordane can affect the digestive and nervous system. High exposure can cause convulsions and death. Low levels of exposure can cause: confusion, vomiting, stomach cramps and vision problems.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate Also known as DEHA, this compound is used mainly as a plasticizer for synthetic resins like PVC. It can also be found in lubricant for hydraulic fluids. It can be found in soils, tap water, and surface water. The most prominent source of exposure is found in food, particularly fatty foods like cheese and meet. High exposure can result in birth defects and tumor development.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate This is a chemical that is used to add flexibility in plastics. It is colorless with little to no odor. In addition to plastics, it can be found in wall coverings, tablecloths, floor tiles, shower curtains, and more. It is a known human carcinogen. It can cause negative effects on the reproductive system.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Dieldrin Dieldrin is an insecticide that was used from the 1950s to 1970. It is a white powder with mild odor. It is not soluble in water. It was used on corn crops and cotton. This insecticide is also known a persistent contaminant. It can be found in watersheds, soil, and animal fat. People exposed to large amounts have been known to have convulsions and death.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Endrin Endrin is an insecticide used on field crops like corn and grain. It is also used to control mice and voles. In its natural state, endrin is a white, odorless, solid. Endrin can still be found in the environment (water and soil) even though it is banned in many countries including the USA, and can be potential dangerous to workers who manufacture it. It is known to depress immune responses and increase the possibility of bilary and liver tract cancer. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Heptachlor Heptachlor is an insecticide that was banned in 1988. Its form was a tan powder and not naturally occurring. It was used in household and agricultural settings. It was used to control termites and pests. It can also lead to decreased fertility and liver damage. Once it enters the environment or the body it becomes more potent. It can enter the body through absorption from soil, food, and drinking water. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Heptachlor Epoxide This is a man-made compound that is a white powder. It is created once heptachlor is exposed to the environment and mixes with oxygen. It was used as an insecticide on farm crops and around household settings. It can enter the body through inhalation or consumption through food or water. Health effects differ based on length of exposure. Long term exposure can be very toxic to humans and have effects on fertility. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Hexachlorobenzene This is another banned pesticide. It was used to protect wheat and other seeds and also used to make fireworks and ammunition. It can be found in the environment in water sediments and soils. The WHO lists it as extremely hazardous. It is a possible carcinogen. Exposure can produce eye-irritation and corneal damage.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Hexachlorocyclopentadiene This is a manufactured chemical that does not occur on its own. It is Oily, yellow-green organic liquid with a sharp odor. It easily evaporates in the air and the vapor looks like a blue haze. It is released in the environment once its produced and disposed. It is used to make flame retardants, shock proof plastics, and dyes. It can be toxic to humans when inhaled or consumed at high levels. It can cause skin irritation and eye damage. Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Lindane Lindane is manufactured in India, US, Japan, and China. It is still used in developed nations as well as third world countries. It was used to kill insects and protect crops. Lindane can be consumed through food and water. It isnÕt known to be as toxic as other persistent contaminants but in some cases it has been linked to nervous disorders and increased liver weight. It can be lethal if too much is consumed.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Methoxychlor An insecticide used in agriculture, households, and ornamental plantings. It is used on fruits, vegetables, crops, and forestry. It is also used to kill parasites on dairy and beef cattle. It is known to take different forms from powders to granules and aerosols. It is found in water, soil, and vegetation. Symptoms of exposure include: weakness, nervous system depression, and diarrhea. High doses can lead to death.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Metolachlor Metolachlor is a pesticide that is applied to crops to control annual grassy weeds. It is odorless, of white, and liquid at room temperature. It protects corn, soybeans, peanuts, potatoes, cotton, and more. It is found in the soil, air, and water. High exposure can damage the liver and irritate the eyes, skin, and mucous membranes. (--) Resource 1 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Metribuzin Metribuzin is colorless and can either be in solid or liquid form. It is used in crops like soy beans, potatoes, tomatoes, and sugar cane. Traces can be found in the environment in the groundwater and soil. This can cause it to seep in to drinking water which in consumed by humans and animals. It is toxic via oral consumption. If too much is consumed, it can depress the central nervous system. (--) Resource 1 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE  
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Propachlor An herbicide used to control weeds and grasses. ItÕs used on grain, field corn, onion seed, and silage corn. It is highly toxic to the eyes. This is also found in groundwater and soil.  People are exposed through diet.  (--) Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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Organic-Semi Volatiles Simazine Simazine is used to control weeds and annual grasses. It is available in powder or liquid form It is used on vineyards, fruit, and vegetables. Simazine is found in the soil and groundwater. It is highly toxic if it is inhaled, moderately toxic if consumed, and acutely toxic when exposed to skin. It can cause irritation to the skin and eyes. It is listed as a possible carcinogen.  Levels Resource 1   Safe HomeĻ ULTIMATE 
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